In April, European Association for the Coordination of Consumer Representation in Standardisation (ANEC) published a position paper to propose an aniline limit for toys intended for use by children under 36 months or in other toys intended to be placed in the mouth. The position paper reviewed the existing aniline regulatory and available test methods. It also provided some evidence on the occurrence of aniline in articles intended for children and babies identified by test magazines and reported from other surveys.
Aniline has a mandatory classification in the EU, which includes listing as a category 2 carcinogen and mutagen. It is also classified as a category 1 skin sensitiser. At present, aniline is restricted in finger paints, cosmetics and plastics with food contact. Therefore, ANEC recommends all toys to adopt aniline requirements as follows:
Set a limit of 30 mg/kg for toy articles made of textile and leather in line with REACH provisions for carcinogenic primary aromatic amines released from azo colourants including any "free" aniline;
Detect the aniline by corresponding test methods given in EN ISO 17234-1 for leather and EN 14362-1 for textiles;
Take over the application included EN 71-7 on finger paints (i.e. 10 mg/kg for the "free" aniline and 30 mg/kg for aniline cleaved from azo dyes) for all toys in liquid form.
ANEC also recommends to consider broadening the proposed limit toy articles made of textile and leather to other materials and to initiate a broader discussion on colourants and related substances in toys. This is to cover the issue of colourants in toys in a more comprehensive manner with a particular view to identifying colourants with CMR or sensitising properties.