Relevant for: Softlines, Hardlines
What is pentachlorophenol and its potential health hazard?
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is a group of polychlorinated compounds used as preservatives for wood, leather and textiles to shield against the attack of moulds, fungus and bacteria.
It is commonly found in:
- Textiles, leather and some wood products
- Fungicides during cotton farming
- Preservatives in print pastes
The most important reason for banning PCP is that the combustion of these chemicals will release chloro dioxins, which are among the most toxic substances known in the world. PCP is also suspected to be carcinogenic. For example, burning wood treated with PCP liberates polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and furans (PCDD/F).
Table A shows the maximum limit (non-exhaustive) of each country
- The Netherlands
| 5 ppm|
- Banned (textiles & leather goods)
- 5mg/ kg (wood products)
Related legislation (non-exhaustive)
There are no EU regulations but some countries have national requirements. For example:
- Austria: Chemicals Prohibition Ordinance
- Denmark: Chemical Substances and Products Act
- Germany: Chemical Prohibition Ordinance
- The Netherlands: Commodities Act on Pentachlorophenol
- Poland: Regulation on Safety and Textile Marking
- Norway: Product Regulations
- Switzerland: Chemical Risk Reduction Ordinance
Case studies of issues resolved
- Case 1: PCP detected in an olive green woven shirt, 40 x 40’s
| || Failed report|| Report after TÜV SÜD's suggestions|
PCP = 1.46 PPM
2,3,4,5 TeCP= 0.13 PPM
2,3,4,6 TeCP= 1.41 PPM
|PCP: 0.05 PPM |
- Case 2: Red printed scarf 40D x 40D, high twist viscose yarn, low wet modulus
| ||Failed report||Report after TÜV SÜD's suggestions|
|Chlorinated Phenols||Base fabric: PCP = 5.9 PPM||PCP: ND|
Note: The above content is based on technical expertise and cannot be considered for legal discrepancy.
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