The 3rd amendment to the EU toy standard EN 71 Part 1: mechanical and physical properties was published on 12 March 2014 as EN 71-1:2011+A3:2014. The publication incorporates all three amendments so far (Amendment A2 was on acoustics and Amendment A1 was never published).
EN 71-1:2011+A3:2014 will supersede the current standard EN 71-1:2011+A2:2013 from 1 October 2014.
The following are highlights of some of the main changes in this amendment:
Paper and paperboard requirements
Definition of paper is redefined as “sheet formed by irregularly intervened cellulose fibres with a mass per unit area of 400 g/m² or less”
Definition of paperboard is newly added as “sheet formed by irregularly intervened cellulose fibres with a mass per unit area over 400 g/m² excluding pressed wooden fibreboards such as medium density fibreboard (MDF), chipboard and materials with similar properties”
For toys intended for children under 36 months, paperboard components cannot be detached as small parts after the 25 N tension test
Small part exemption list
Felt and elastic fabric are added in the list
Elastic is removed from the list
Thickness requirement is now applicable to bags made of flexible plastics of an area more than 100 mm x 100 mm, measured without cutting the bag open. This is in contrast to the previous requirement where the opening perimeter must be greater than 380 mm.
As a result of the consideration and adoption of the appropriate sections in ISO/IEC Guide 37 and CEN/CENELEC Guide 11, good practice for the visibility and legibility of warnings, markings and instructions for use are given in this Amendment. Some examples include:
Placing the warning in a prominent position on the toy and/or its packaging
The colour of the warning and age warning symbol should be in sharp contrast with the colour of the background
Avoid highly reflecting surfaces and highly reflecting glossy paper that lead to poor legibility for surfaces displaying the warning text
Sans-serif font types are preferred
Placing the warning in a logical direction (e.g. the normal orientation of the toy)